When multiple teeth are lost in the upper jaw, dentures with implants are a comfortable alternative to dentures. But especially in older people, the existing bone substance is often not enough. Then there is only a lengthy bone structure, which provides the necessary stability. Unlike Zygoma implants, they eliminate the need for bone augmentation. The extra long implants are firmly anchored in the zygomatic bone. Find out about the possibilities of innovative Zygoma implants and what special implants are all about.

Overview of this article

Progressive bone loss in old age

In only a few people, the natural tooth substance is retained into old age. The vast majority is by age-related tooth loss. Not infrequently, only a few teeth remain - sometimes the jaw is completely toothless. After all, in this country, 22 percent of people between 65 and 75 are toothless. This is not only an aesthetic and functional problem - the loss of teeth also causes a progressive degeneration of bone substance.

Bone prosthesis cannot stop loss, because it does not exert enough pressure on the jaw. It begins a vicious circle: The less pressure is exerted on the jaw, the more bone and thus stability is lost. A supply of implants is then only feasible with elaborate bone augmentation. However, a bone structure is not always possible and not always desired.

The solution: the Zygoma implant

The extra long Zygoma implants provide a solution to this problem. With low bone density, they are a promising alternative to full denture and previous bone formation. Therefore, the special implants are particularly suitable for older people who have only a few teeth or have a edentulous upper jaw. Even long-term denture wearers, in whom the bone loss is well advanced, are eligible for treatment with Zygoma implants.

What distinguishes Zygoma implants from conventional implants?

The zygoma implants specifically developed for the upper jaw are named after the zygomatic bone (in Latin: Os zygomaticum) - this is an arched bone structure on the cheek. Zygoma implants are placed in the upper jaw and firmly anchored in the lateral zygomatic bones. The yoke legs have a very dense bone structure even in old age and promise particularly good stability.

Because Zygoma implants reach to the zygomatic bone, they are much longer than conventional implants. The special titanium implants measure 3 - 5,5 cm depending on the requirement. For comparison: Common implants are just 0.7 - 1.8 cm long. Another special feature: Two of the implants are not fixed vertically as usual, but at an oblique angle of 45 ° in the zygomatic bone.

Procedures for Inserting The Zygoma Implants

A suitable contact person for the supply of Zygoma implants is an implantologist with a high level of expertise, who brings a lot of experience in dealing with these special dental implants. The use of Zygoma implants requires the highest level of precision and is today predominantly carried out using computer-controlled high-tech devices. It is based on a comprehensive treatment concept in which everything works perfectly together, from digital planning to computer-aided surgery to aftercare.

As a rule, at least four implants are required in the upper jaw to fix dentures on it. Therefore, dentists speak in this context of the all-on-4 method. Two Zygoma implants are combined with two conventional implants. How many implants are ultimately required to ensure stable dental prosthesis is individually different and is determined by appropriate diagnostics.

Treatment with Zygoma implants allows two different concepts. It is both fixed and removable dentures possible. Fixed dentures can be placed on a bridge screwed to the implants. The removable denture sits on a bridge that connects all implants together.

Treatment with Zygoma implants allows two different concepts. It is both fixed and removable dentures possible. Fixed dentures can be placed on a screwed to the implant bridge. The Removable denture sits on a bridge, which connects all implants together.

This happens during the treatment

Treatment with Zygoma implants usually requires general anesthesia. Before the actual surgery, various preparatory measures are required that are completely painless.

In the first step, the implantologist uses digital volume tomography (DVT) to make a 3-D X-ray. It provides information about the bone density of the upper jaw and thus the ideal positioning of the implants. On the basis of special software, the dentist performs a virtual implantation on the computer in which the placement of the individual implants can be planned with millimeter precision. Based on the collected digital data, the implantologist prepares a 3-D template, which he places on the upper jaw during surgery. It serves as a guide rail for drilling the openings and ensures that the Zygoma implants are placed in the correct position and at the precisely defined angle in the upper jaw.

Using state-of-the-art computer technology, it is possible to create a fitting temporary restoration before surgery. The implantologist usually uses this temporary restoration immediately after implantation. It bridges the waiting period until the implants are firmly embedded in the jaw. The temporary restoration is immediately resilient and allows for normal chewing and biting. The healing period is about 3 months.

What are the risks associated with Zygoma implants?

They differ little from the risks of conventional implants. However, there is still the risk of anesthesia to consider here. Additionally, Zygoma implants tend to be close to some facial nerves due to their unusual placement. If the intervention is performed by an experienced implantologist with high-precision computer technology, the risk of damage to the nerve cords is low.

How high are the costs?

Depending on the type of prosthetic restoration and individual factors, costs of € 2,500 to € 4,500 per zygoma implant arise.

How long does a Zygoma implant last?

Provided oral hygiene is right, Zygoma implants are just as durable as common implants. Where the removable denture variant is much easier to clean. In the vast majority of patients, the lifespan and durability of Zygoma implants is expected to be more than 10 years.

Zygoma implants are a good alternative to ill-fitting prostheses for people who suffer from progressive loss of jawbone tissue. They also offer significant advantages over a previous bone structure - because they require a much shorter treatment time.