In dentistry, gingivitis is a gum inflammation, either classified as acute or chronic gingivitis. In acute inflammation, not the entire gum (gingiva), but only its upper part (gingival margin or hem) is affected. An untreated or inadequately treated acute gingivitis becomes chronic, which has far-reaching consequences for the entire dentition of the patient. In addition, it can cause inflammation of the oral mucosa (gingivostomatitis).
Gingivitis is caused by various types of pathogens (mixed infection) and is one of the most common infections of the oropharynx: Health experts assume that 4 out of 5 adults suffer from chronic or acute gingivitis.
To prevent the condition from even occurring, the patient should brush his teeth thoroughly at least twice a day. It is also recommended to have a professional dental cleaning (PDC) done once a year by a dentist. It even cleans the areas that are hard to reach for toothbrushes.
Patients suffering from gingivitis should only use toothbrushes with soft, rounded bristles. They are also good for preventing gum disease if you tend to use more force when brushing your teeth. Interdental toothbrushes and flossing help to remove food debris and plaque from the interdental spaces and thus also prevent gingivitis