Interesting facts about braces

Braces are among the medical aids. They are used to correct dental malocclusions and malpositions of the jaw. The treatment and medical care is provided by your dentist or an orthodontist. Dental braces are most commonly used in children during the tooth growth phase. As an adult, however, they also have the option of correcting existing malocclusions with braces, even in combination with an existing dental implant.

Overview of this article

Benefits of dental braces

The reasons for braces are varied and range from the medical need due to a malposition of teeth or jaw to purely cosmetic causes. The actual requirement from a medical point of view determines your doctor on the basis of certain orthodontic indication groups (OIG). This is done before the start of a treatment and serves to classify the need for treatment.

To determine, among other things, the interproximal distances are measured or a crossbite is detected, in which the teeth in the lower jaw bite from the outside in front of the teeth in the upper jaw. A purely optical restriction in relation to the teeth and the dentition is usually not sufficient for a medical indication.

There is a concrete need especially if existing problems are related to tooth or jaw misalignment. For example, if you have specific malfunctions in ​​chewing and swallowing, this is often an indication for dental braces. Other reasons include errors in speaking, pain or difficulty breathing. In addition, the possibility of a future negative development of the tooth position usually defines a treatment.

Different types of braces

Different types of braces

There are different variants of clasps, which differ mainly by the type of using: There are fixed and removable models. Fixed braces consist of several components, which are referred to as multi-band apparatus. The components include brackets, bands and archwires. The brackets are special brackets made of ceramic or metal, which your doctor applies with a special adhesive on the teeth. Small devices, so-called slots, allow the attachment of bands or archwires. They are adjustable and determine the orientation of the tooth position. Fixed clips remain in the mouth for about 18 months.

Removable braces, also referred to as loose dental braces, allow you to remove and replace them yourself. The product consists of active plastic plates that your orthodontist attaches to the jaw by means of clamps. In addition, fittings and springs made of wire allow a gradual correction. The removable braces are at least worn for 15 hours daily. Ideally, removal is for food or sporting activities only. The clasp is easy to clean and comes with a dental braces box for safekeeping.

Areas of application and therapeutic application

The use of the different types of braces depends on the diagnosis of the malposition. Fixed braces are helpful when there are particularly pronounced misalignments. The treatment of a larger number of teeth or groups of teeth is best solved by fixed dental braces. A regular check and the associated adjustment of bands and archwires allow a very precise adjustment and treatment. A careful oral hygiene and dental care is a prerequisite for the use of a fixed clip. This includes the regular professional cleaning of teeth at the dentist to exclude damage to the teeth. Loose clasp models have the advantage that they are used at a very young age, even in the milk teeth dentition.

Braces are always made individually. On the basis of X-rays and impressions a model is made as a template for the clasp. With a loose clasp your doctor will show you the correct insertion and removal. You will be informed about the best type of oral care and frequency of visits for all types of braces.

Braces to correct dental and jaw deformities are suitable for children and adults. Also for purely aesthetic reasons, a treatment is possible. For the therapy, fixed and loose clasp models are suitable. For dental implants, the use of braces is also possible. Your orthodontist will be happy to advise you.

Braces in adults

Braces in adults

The treatment of adults is highly dependent on individual age. The higher the age, the less dental braces influences the growth of the teeth. Instead, the movement of the teeth in the jaw is made by the specific pressure, which is responsible for the removal and development of the jawbone. Nevertheless, you will benefit from braces even in adulthood. The older you are, the longer the treatment usually takes .

The reasons of using an adult clasp are very different. Often it concerns purely aesthetic motives, which by the health insurance companies will not be considered for reimbursement. Nevertheless, if you have the desire for an optical improvement of your teeth, a treatment is always open to you. Often, however, there are also malocclusions that justify braces from a medical point of view. These include missed childhood deformity correction or late-onset problems, such as wisdom teeth or teeth migration.

Unlike children, adults attach great importance to maximum inconspicuousness when using dental braces. The invisible incognito braces is an option or an aligner therapy in the form of a transparent plastic splint.

Costs for braces

Costs for braces

The costs for braces for people with statutory health insurance are reimbursed by the health insurance company. The prerequisite for this is a medical indication that can be determined by an orthodontic physician or dentist. For this purpose, a corresponding expert advice is provided, which informs about the treatment options and the braces in question.

It is also possible to choose dental braces of which the cost exceeds the benefits of statutory insurance. Patients have the opportunity to bear the additional costs themselves and to use such braces. The exact costs depend on the type of treatment and the clasp used and consist of the material and laboratory costs as well as the medical fee.